Geographic code: 84082
Geographic coordinates: 45°55′N77°04′W
Total population 2016: 1 334 (Change is population from 2011 to 2016: -0.8 %)
Density: 7,2b/km2 
Mother tongue (2):
- English as first language: 78%
- French as first language: 21%
- Other: <1 %
L’Isle-aux-Allumettes is in a unique language situation in Quebec, as the majority of the people speak English and the official language of the province is French. The following table illustrates the startling differences between the Island and the province regarding language.
Knowledge of official languages
|English and French||550|
Language spoken most often at home
Covering 186.02 km2, L’Isle-aux-Allumettes is a land filled with natural beauty and resources but lacking economic opportunity. The population is very stable, with 1,260 residents reporting they have resided at the same address as one year ago and 1,055 residents lived at the same address five years ago. As the following table indicates, 43% of the residents are age 55 and over. Population trends in Québec, Canada and the world suggest that this age group is growing rapidly. According to a recent study of L’Isle-aux-Allumettes the 65+ age group will average an increase of 17%, or approximately 250 to 300 people, from 2009 to 2024.
|Total Private dwellings||1 126|
|Private dwellings with permanent residents||578|
|Number of owned dwellings||485|
|Number of rented dwellings||90|
|Two parent families with children||365|
|Single parent families||50|
|Average income for all private households 2015 ($)||26 208|
|Average income after tax-15 years and over with an income||24 128|
|Percent of low income after tax all persons||20.3 %|
|Percent of low income after tax under 18 years||15.2 %|
 “L’Isle-aux-Allumettes census profile”. 2016 Census Statistics Canada.